There are hundreds of classical music composers; several are famous names, many others are little known. Did you know there were 67 composers with the last name Bach, of whom 27 also bore the first name Johann? But, the most famous Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach, composed more than 1,000 pieces in his lifetime. Here are some other well-known composers:
Here are two excellent ways to research classical composers:
Classical Composers' Archive, search by timeline, nationality, or alphabetically
Classical Composers Database, a compilation of over 3,700 composers
Monophonic (single, unaccompanied melody) medieval music, such as Gregorian Chants, developed into Organum, the beginnings of harmony, during the 12th and 13th centuries. Choral writers of the 15th century Renaissance slowly began composing instrumental pieces, but it wasn't until the late 16th century that classical music as we know it today truly developed. With each passing century, classical music styles changed; early arrangements for one or two instruments progressed to the symphonies of the modern age. The eras of classical music are:
Classical music has been shown to have a positive effect on health and well-being. It calms, relaxes, restores a positive outlook, and improves cognition.
Classical music has spanned centuries and served as the foundation for many other favorite forms of music, such as jazz. In fact, Louis Armstrong, one of the most influential jazz musicians in history, was also a composer.
From medieval times to the new millennium, classical music has been enriching lives, and it still gives us pleasure today.